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Feature article June 22, 2017:


MacDonald Mines advancing Gold laden zones toward cash flow, and highly prospective for new discovery next to multi-million oz miners

  • BMK.V prepares for 2017 Bulk Sampling program at its Wawa-Holdsworth Gold-Silver Project.

  • MAY 2017 RESULTS: Average grade of 2.95 g/t gold in one zone and 5.45 g/t gold in another of the Oxide Sands.

  • Company intends to extract 50,000+ oz Gold from oxide sands to fund bigger Gold-Silver picture.

MacDonald Mines

Exploration Ltd.

(TSX-V: BMK) (OTC: MCDMF) (Frankfurt: 3M72)

Share data, Capitalization, & Corporate info

 Shares Outstanding:  ~60M

 Fully Diluted:  ~78M (most warrants @ 10 cents)

 Recently Traded: ~CDN$0.13/share (TSX-V: BMK)

 52 Week High/Low: $0.27 / 0.05

 Current Market Capitalization: ~$7.8 million Canadian

 Corporate Website:


The share price of MacDonald Mines is a coiled spring, the Company is advancing its Wawa-Holdsworth Gold Project, prime ground located between two multi-million ounce gold deposits in the Abitibi Gold Province of Ontario;

  • Wawa-Holdsworth Project is neighbor to Argonaut's >6Moz Au Magino deposit, & Richmont's >1Moz Au Island Gold Mine.

  • A 500m-wide deformation zone of Wawa-Holdsworth hosts gold in various styles of mineralization.

  • Gold-bearing oxide sand zones now being quantified offer a potentially quick road to production (e.g. 3.45 g/t gold and 29.99 g/t silver ave. grade from a composite of 23 panels by past operator, and recent sampling has demonstrated >200% better results; see May 16, 2017 release "MacDonald Mines assays of the Oxide Sands results in significant increase in Gold content - individual samples contain up to 6 g/t Gold").

  • Lode Gold in traditional quartz veins; Soocana Vein System (e.g.* 16 g/t over 4.3 m, 6.9 g/t over 15.8 m).

Click to view advisory


Mining expert Jay Taylor of Hard Money Advisors initiates coverage on MacDonald Mines.


"...with near-term positive news regarding a saleable gold-silver concentrate and various strong assay reports from both the sands and hard-rock targets over the summer, a move several fold above the current price..."

- J. Taylor April-2017



Valuation Commentary: MacDonald Mines Exploration Ltd. (TSX-V: BMK) (US Listing: MCDMF) (Frankfurt: 3M72) is advancing a near-term mining production scenario at its Wawa-Holdsworth Gold Project located 25 km NE of Wawa Ontario, Canada, uniquely positioned proximal Argonaut's >6Moz Au Magino deposit property, and Richmont's >1Moz Au Island Gold Mine (along an underexplored extension of the prolific Michipicoten Greenstone Belt). The risk-reward characteristics are highly advantageous for investors establishing a long position in BMK.V as the current market cap (~$7.8M Canadian, trading at ~13 cents/share) relative to the inherent value of MacDonald Mines' Wawa-Holdsworth Gold Property appears disproportionate; near-term share price catalysts exist as the Company is aggressively exploring to build on known gold values, leveraging its exploration teams expertise and experience in the Wawa district gold camp, and preparing for bulk sampling of the projects gold-laden Oxide Sands.



Fig. 1 Location Map of MacDonald Mines' Wawa-Holdsworth Gold Project - Within a few km of impressive gold deposits of miners whose deposits keep growing, and mills. There is road access to the property, it is close to power, rail, and a stable workforce, in a mining-friendly region.


The Wawa-Holdsworth project is proximal to the crustal-scale Wawa–Hawk Lake–Manitowik Lake Fault and encompass a 500 metre-wide deformation zone where gold was concentrated in different structures. These includes the Pyrite Zones, source of the gold-bearing Oxide Sands, the Soocana Vein System and the Golden Goose Shear Zone.

Fig. 2 (below) Black Sands of Wawa-Holdsworth Property


Oxide Sand Zones offer a quick pathway to cash flow:


Voluminous gold-bearing oxide sand (black sand) zones near surface have demonstrated potential for an immediate pathway to production/cash flow; e.g. 3.45 g/t gold and 29.99 g/t silver average grade from a composite of 23 panels, with preliminary metallurgical testing resulting in between 69% and 98.7% gold recoveries (without even crushing). Recent sampling by BMK.V has demonstrated >200% better results; see May 16, 2017 release "MacDonald Mines assays of the Oxide Sands results in significant increase in Gold content - individual samples contain up to 6 g/t Gold"; yielding an average grade of 2.95 g/t gold in one sample zone (section A) and 5.45 g/t gold in another (section BE) of the Oxide Sands.


The exploration team is now undertaking a program of mapping and quantifying these zones which were previously not mapped well and historically ignored for gold but characterized in the early-1900's as one of the best massive sulphide deposits in the country. There is the possibility of a 2.2 km strike length of gold laden Oxide Sands Zones over the auriferous iron formation (which acted as a trap for gold circulating in the system).


Company intends to extract 50,000+ oz Gold from oxide sands: The Company announced 100% ownership of the Wawa-Holdsworth Gold Project with terms that point to an imminent production scenario; aside from 5.5 million shares of BMK.V issued (along with equal warrants exercisable at $0.30 -- something we like to see as the belief is share price of BMK.V will rise substantially) and a partially repurchasable 1.5%NSR, the bulk of the principle consists of MacDonald Mines making a quarterly gold payment to Noble equal to ten percent (10%) of the amount which is obtained by: (i) multiplying the production of gold from the Oxide Sands by the average gold price received during the quarter; and (ii) subtracting the sum of all deductions and any capital and operating costs being amortized over the life of the project, up to a maximum aggregate payment of 5,000 ounces of gold.

In brief, the oxide sands are the cap of the pyrite prospect on the property, which to date is just over 2,200 metres long and has a defined historic (non NI 43-101) resource of sulpher but never tested for Gold until 1988 (it was noted to have gold in it from trace to over 8 g/t, however no assaying was done for silver at the time). 43-101 compliant drilling in 2002 covered 332 m of strike length (of the 2,200 m); within that known length and extrapolated for tested widths + estimated depth we get sizeable tonnage of apparent ~3.45 g/t Gold (average grade tested) and ~29.99 g/t Silver (average grade tested) ready for the taking. Extrapolating that known 332 m length (x ~6) over the 2,200 m there appears 146,000 tonnes of such material for the taking in the initial strike set. The average depth based on historic drill holes would be much larger as far as surface extraction goes. The assumption on a parallel and multiple sets of sulphide sands is valid and has been proven in drill holes -- this rationalizes 550,000 to 675,000 tonnes (not yet NI 43-101, but the science is there to more than support an ~81,700+ ounce Gold equivalent target), most of which can be self financed from production that appears to require little capex at all to begin. Neither aggregate licencing nor bulk sampling permissions will be required for the extraction of the oxide sands on the Wawa-Holdsworth Project.


Market Equities Research Group projects (non NI 43-101) along the initial strike set of sulphide sands alone:

Gold Oz

Silver Oz



@3.355 g/t

@29.2 g/t

15,750 oz

137,000 oz

Can$1,500.00/oz Can$20.00/oz



Table 1. Guesstimate of gold in initial strike set of sulphide sands alone.


The Pyrite Zones are believed to contain multiple Gold-laden Oxide Sand Zones; e.g. drill core sample taken by Falconbridge Nickel Mines Ltd. (Band, 1983) was reported to contain 0.35 oz/ton, Au across 1.5 meters. Another sample from this hole taken from a pyritic shear in the hanging-wall six (6) meters above the Pyrite Zone was assayed four times yielding a range of assays from 0.24 to 0.51 oz/ton, Au.


At present, five related zones have been confirmed, thus >four times that above number (>675,000 tonnes = ~72,800 oz Gold, ~633,700 oz Silver* non NI 43-101 = ~81,700 oz Gold Equivalent (using US$17/oz Silver and US$1,200/oz Gold conversion) on parallel and multiple sets which have been proven in drill holes. Note: Values derived are based on past exploration results of Reed Lake Exploration (pre dating NI 43-101) and Hawk/Nobel's exploration results (NI 43-101 compliant) which affirm 550,000+ tonnes.


Gold Oz

Silver Oz



@3.355 g/t

@29.2 g/t

72,800 oz

633,700 oz

Can$1,500.00/oz Can$20.00/oz



Table 2. Guesstimate of gold from initial strike set and parallel/multiple sets.


Oxide Sands can be treated like aggregate. Visible in the images of black oxide sands (seen in Fig. 2 above) taken from the property is gold and some course grain quartz (which likely also contain gold). The oxide sand zones appear amenable to MacDonald Mines simply obtaining a permit for mining aggregate; backhoe the material, then crush and ball mill the material (to maximize recoveries), and transport the floured material to one of the several mills located within a few kilometers of the property. Works programs underway this winter and spring 2017 are geared towards affirming a voluminous and robust understanding of these Oxide Sands Zones -- the potential for substantial share price appreciation from current price levels appears in order as exploration findings/results affirm what is suspected.


Bulk sampling/trenching on Oxide Sands to commence Spring 2017:
In 2002, the Oxide Sands were sampled over 332.5 metres along strike. They were reported to reach a depth of at least 8 metres and contained an average gold grade of 3.45 g/t and an average silver grade of 29.99 g/t. The objective of MacDonald's trenching program is to confirm the Oxide Sands' strike length and thickness and to undertake a systematic sampling of the mineralized horizon over the total strike length.


Excerpt of MacDonald Mines May 16, 2017 release:


MacDonald Mines Assays of the Oxide Sands results in Significant Increase in Gold Content - Individual Samples Contain up to 6 g/t Gold


TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - May 16, 2017) - MacDonald Mines Exploration Ltd. (TSX VENTURE:BMK) ("MacDonald Mines", "MacDonald" or the "Company") has received results for its initial sampling program of the Oxide Sands at the Wawa-Holdsworth Project ("Holdsworth"), located near Hawk Junction, 25 kilometres northeast of Wawa, Ontario.

Highlights include:

  • Average grade of 2.95 g/t gold for Sample A and 5.45 g/t gold for Sample BE (Figure 1);

  • For Sample A, the new MacDonald result shows a respective gold grade difference of +246% and +247% compared to the results for the same location reported by Hawk Junction Capital Corp (1.20 g/t gold)in 20021 and Noble Minerals (1.19 g/t gold)in 2009; and

  • For Sample BE, the new MacDonald result shows a gold grade difference of +641% compared to the grade estimation results reported for the same location by Hawk Junction Capital Corp (0.85 g/t gold) in 2002.

Quentin Yarie, MacDonald's President and CEO commented: "Results obtained using robust assay methods suggest that the grade of the Oxide Sands may have been historically underestimated. This supports Sears' 1989 observation that elevated sulfur in some of the material may result in the underestimation of the gold grade by standard fire assay methods if no mitigation methods are implemented2. MacDonald's results are promising and we look forward to advancing the Wawa-Holdsworth project further."


Figure 1. Oxide Sands sample location:


Results from the Oxide Sands Sampling

During the spring of 2017, to validate their historically reported gold content, the Company started a targeted sampling program of the Oxide Sands. Two locations were selected for this testing program and sampling at each locations was done by taking >75 kg representative samples of the exposed Oxide Sand material at the historic excavations. Representative fractions of these sands were then sent for analyses.

Results indicate that the gold content of the Oxide Sands may have been underestimated by the previous operators as MacDonald's sampling indicates significant increases of the gold content compared to the historic results and grade estimations from the same locations reported by Noble Minerals in 2009 and Hawk Junction Capital Corp. in 2002.


Table 1 - Results from the Oxide Sands sampling compared with historic results

BMK Sample 
Sample   Gold
Grade (g/t)
  Grade (Hawk
Junction - 2002)1
  Grade (Noble
Minerals - 2009)
17261 A   3.09   2.95   1.2   1.19
17262 2.71  
17263 3.05  
17264 BE   6   5.45   0.85   N/A
17265 4.9  

Wawa-Holdsworth Project Details
The Project is comprised of 19 contiguous patented mining claims covering approximately 304 hectares. Sixteen of these are located in the extreme southern part of Corbiere Township and the remaining three extend into the northern part of Esquega Township, in the Wawa Area of Northern Ontario.

Project Overview
Historic work by previous operators defined three gold targets on the Wawa-Holdsworth Project:

  • Greenstone-hosted quartz-carbonate vein deposit (Soocana Vein System);

  • BIF-hosted gold deposits (gold-bearing pyrite zones in an Algoma-type iron formation);

  • Gold-bearing Oxide Sands developed from the weathering of the auriferous Pyrite Zones.

MacDonald Mines has identified the Oxide Sands as a short-term target for gold production. The Oxide Sands are interpreted to be derived from the weathering of an auriferous and pyritized Algoma-type iron formation that, so far, has been traced on the property over a 2 km-long strike length. The mineralized sands appear to reach a depth of at least 8 metres.

The soft and relatively unconsolidated oxide sands material appears to be amenable to being extracted like an aggregate. The area's shallow overburden, the proximity to labour and equipment and the easy access to the site should result in very inexpensive mining costs should the Company delineate a large enough deposit.

Preliminary metallurgical testing conducted by previous operators on composite samples recovered, without crushing, between 69% and 98.7 % gold and the Company has already initiated metallurgical testing of the Oxide Sands to achieve the highest possible gold and silver recovery. Results should be made available this summer.

The Company is currently ramping up its sampling program to better define the Oxide Sands and will continue to prepare for their potential extraction. The near-term exploitation of the Oxide Sands will provide the Company with good cash flow to further advance exploration of the other gold targets on the property.

On-site Quality Assurance/Quality Control ("QA/QC") Measures
Grab and channel samples are transported in security-sealed bags for Fire Assay/Atomic Absorption (Au 50gm) analyses at TSL Laboratories in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Individual samples are labeled, placed in plastic sample bags and sealed. Groups of samples are then placed into durable rice bags that are then shipped. The remaining coarse reject portions of the samples remain in storage at TSL Laboratories in Saskatoon if further work or verification is needed. One Certified Reference Material was included with the samples... here for full copy from source



Fig. 3 (below) Wawa-Holdsworth Gold Zones -Three styles of gold mineralization exist on the original 285 hectares Wawa-Holdsworth project (the Company has since added 84 claims of similar ground nearby), all part of the same gold system within the 500 metre-wide deformation corridor:


"*" in the image above signifies non NI 43-101 compliant values for the Soocana Vein.


The three gold mineralization styles on the property (and shown in the claims map above) are:

  1. An oxidized cap at surface developed over a massive pyrite zone (Algoma Iron Formation) -- "The Oxide Sands",

  2. The precursor to the Oxide Sands - a massive pyrite zone (Algoma Iron Formation) at depths -- "The Massive Sulphide", and

  3. Lode Gold in traditional quartz veins -- "The Soocana Vein".


Fig. 4 (above) Wawa-Holdsworth Gold & Silver Project Oxide Sands Zone Test Pit - Best composite samples; 5.95 g/t gold + 47.09 g/t silver in a 31x4.7x3.35m bloc, and 5.94 g/t gold+ 50.14 g/t silver in a 10x3.5x3.74m bloc.


Large near-term exploration upside potential - Oxide Sands, BIF, and Load Gold Vein


The exploration team has learned from other projects in the area that the alteration system associated in this land package is very large, something that people historically either didn't recognize, or know about, or chose to ignore, instead they would focus on the quartz veins. Banded Iron Formations (BIF) are hosted on the property, similar to other formations that were historically mined near Wawa. We know that when you put these type of rocks in an environment where gold bearing fluids are circulating they form very good traps for gold, and we know that BIF on this property are mineralized because the Oxide Sands are derived from the weathering of those banded formations. Additionally, localized drilling and samples in BIF have shown them to be gold bearing, historic samples were upwards of ~0.3 ounces/t.


Lode Gold in traditional quartz veins -- "The Soocana Vein": Almost all the historic drilling and work done for gold on the property was concentrated into a 700 m strike length associated with this 'Soocana' vein with very little efforts put into other gold plays on the property, apart from the Oxide Sands. The Soocana vein system is a shear zone with stacked auriferous quartz veins. A poor understanding of the shear system geometry by previous operators is obvious as drilling occurred in every direction with un-systematic sampling practice. Noteworthy historic (non NI 43-101 compliant) drilling intersections include 16g/t gold over 4.3 m, and 6.9 g/t gold over 15.8m and demonstrates the potential.


Figure 5 (below) Surface Mining Plan of Soocana Vein from November 15, 1933 - From the then Soocana Mining Company. There were plans at one point to exploit the robust gold and silver values of the vein. At the time, the Soocana Mining Company Limited calculated a gold resource (historical non NI43-101) of 54,000 tons of material grading 0.556 oz/t (19.06 g/t), however the Soocana Vein was never meaningfully mined in any way, only a small pit scratched the surface in one spot from earlier on.

Fig. 6. (above) Soocana Vein



On February 28, 2017 MacDonald Mines announced that it has begun a core sampling program at its Wawa-Holdsworth Project. The Company has begun a systematic analysis of core from the 2008 Drill Program. It is developing a database of the lithological and geochemical signatures associated with high grade gold assays by utilizing XRF, magnetic susceptibility and SWIR measurements. Initial observations found that the highest grades of gold are associated with deformed quartz-iron-carbonate veins, with additional sericite, chlorite and tourmaline alteration, hosted in mafic metavolcanic rocks. These veins locally contain visible gold, accompanied by chalcopyrite, galena and pyrite mineralization. The Company will be assaying any previously un-sampled prospective zones, particularly those containing significant shearing and quartz-iron-carbonate veining, and re-sampling any significant quartz veins and analyzing them using metallic screening. Highlights from the 2008 Drill Program include:

28.35 g/t gold over 1.07 m
17.9 g/t gold over 0.54 m
13.5 g/t gold over 0.66 m
4.07 g/t gold over 0.95 m
4.03 g/t gold over 0.90 m

------ ------ ------   ------ ------ ------   ------ ------ ------


Proven exploration team that understands area geology: One of the most effective investment techniques for generating superior returns in exploration mining stocks is to follow quality/proven people to new ventures. The advisory and exploration team for MacDonald Mines has enjoyed exploration success in the Wawa gold camp (e.g. another mining Company just raised ~$6M off the success of their exploration efforts on a neighboring property). For example, Dr. Jean-Philippe Desrochers ,Ph.D., P.Geo., is part of the MacDonald advisory/exploration team (Dr. Desroches is also currently the QP for Osisko) -- he was Vice-President of Exploration at the Windfall Lake Gold Project (now owned by Osisko Mining) in its early days from 2005 to 2010 (then Murgor), and became Eagle Hill's Chief Geologist in 2010 before becoming Vice-President Exploration for Eagle Hill in 2013. Under his watch from 2005 - 2013 he took the Windfall gold project from conceptual to advanced stage with impressive resource that resulted in the Osisko buy-out. The advisory and exploration team of MacDonald Mines is looking to replicate that type of success here on the Wawa-Holdworth property now and believe their success in the area and intimate understanding of the geology provides a level of insight and expertise that was never previously afforded this prime land package.


Plans - Winter-Spring-2017 works program:


There are many gold structures that are present on the property and the exploration team knows that the structures control the gold so the first order of business is to get a handle on them with geophysics this winter and map them all. The exploration team will pick targets, do trenching to test the Oxide Sands, expose structures, and perform channel sampling. The goal will be twofold; 1) lead to drilling load-hosted/shear-hosted structures highly prospective for significant discovery, and 2) to quantify the potential of the gold laden Oxide Sands for a short-term path to production which could finance the Company in exploration (non-dilutively) going forward and reward shareholders establishing a long position now.


The Company is topped up, and able to meet near-term exploration objectives. The area is hot, area miners keep growing their deposits, and the property has already yielded exceptional grades in different mineralization styles -- showing the potential of what we can expect in what is shaping up to be one of the most exciting exploration plays in North America this 2017.


------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------


Below is expanded insight on MacDonald Mines Exploration Ltd. and its Wawa-Holdsworth gold & silver property.


     Content found herein is not investment advice see Terms of Use, Disclosure & Disclaimer



Recent news releases regarding Company accomplishments and operational developments:


• June 12, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Announcing Closing of Sale of Holdsworth".


• June 1, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Exploration Ltd.: Airborne Magnetics Corroborates Interpreted >2km Strike Length of Oxide Sands at its Wawa-Holdsworth Project".


• May 16, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Assays of the Oxide Sands results in Significant Increase in Gold Content - Individual Samples Contain up to 6 g/t Gold".


• May 8, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Prepares for Airborne Geophysical Survey at its Wawa-Holdsworth Project".


• May 4, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Exploration Announces Results from its Annual General Meeting of Shareholders".


• May 4, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Acquires 100% Interest in Holdsworth Property".


• May 2, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Prepares for NI43-101 Resource at its Wawa-Holdsworth Project".


• April 27, 2017 "Mining Expert Jay Taylor of Hard Money Advisors Initiates Coverage of MacDonald Mines".


• April 5, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Begins Metallurgical Testing of the Oxide Sands at its Wawa-Holdsworth Project".


• March 30, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Signs Binding Letter of Intent to acquire 100% Interest in Holdsworth Property".


• March 21, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Prepares for 2017 Bulk Sampling Program at its Wawa-Holdsworth Project".


• March 8, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Introduces Technical Advisory Committee and Contractor for Oxide Sands Trenching Program".


• March 6, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Introduces Nominees for Election to Board of Directors at Upcoming AGM".


• February 28, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Adds Land Position in Wawa and Provides Update on Wawa-Holdsworth Gold District Project".


• February 23, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Provides Update on Exploration Programs of Both Holdsworth and Charlevoix: Composite Samples Up to 99.39% High Purity Silica From Charlevoix".


• February 17, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Announces Shares for Debt Transaction".


• January 20, 2017 "MacDonald Mines Closes Third Tranche of Non-Brokered Private Placement".


• January 13, 2017 "Macdonald Mines Issues Shares in Connection with Charlevoix and Holdsworth Property Acquisitions".


• January 5, 2017 "Macdonald Mines Begins Exploration at its Charlevoix Silica Property". 


• January 3, 2017 ""MacDonald Mines Closes Initial Tranches of Non-Brokered Private Placement".


• December 21, 2016 "Macdonald Mines Files 43-101 Technical Report for its Wawa Holdsworth Project".


• December 19, 2016 "Macdonald Mines Announces $1,000,000 Non-Brokered Private Placement Financing".


• December 13, 2016 "Macdonald Mines Discovers a New Gold Bearing Shear Zone at the Wawa-Holdsworth Project - Grab Sample Contains 5.36 g/t Gold".


• December 8, 2016 "Macdonald Mines Announces Joint Venture Agreement".


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Wawa-Holdsworth Project


Ownership: MacDonald Mines has a 100% ownership of the project.


Location, Region, and Infrastructure


MacDonald Mines Exploration Ltd.'s Wawa-Holdsworth Project is located in a stable mining-friendly jurisdiction of Ontario, along the Michipicoten Greenstone Belt -- host to an impressive array of neighboring deposits, and past and present producers.


Figure 7. (above) Location Map.


  Blue claims

  • 25 kilometres NE of Wawa, ON, in Corbiere and Esquega Townships.

  • 285 hectares.

  • 18 fee simple absolute patented claims that include surface and mining rights.

  • Close to vital infrastructure (rail, road, power, qualified workforce).

  • Easily accessed by public road and short trail ride.

  • There are no known environmental liabilities on this property.

Red claims:

  • 84 hectares.


Figure 8. (right) Claims Map.



Figure 9. (above) Regional geology map and inset section of regional magnetics. Within the Michipicoten Greenstone Belt, an under-explored sector of the Abitibi Gold Province with favourable regional geology for gold mineralization. Recent exploration by Richmont (>1Moz Au) Island Gold Mine, Argonaut (>6Moz Au) Magino Gold Mine, and others confirmed the potential for a multi-million ounce gold deposits.


Wawa-Holdsworth Gold Zones


Three styles of gold mineralization on the Wawa-Holdsworthproject -all part of the same gold system within the 500 metre-wide deformation corridor.

  1. Greenstone-hosted quartz-carbonate vein deposit (Soocana Vein System);

  2. BIF-hosted gold deposits (gold-bearing pyrite zones in an Algoma-type iron formation);

  3. Gold-bearing Oxide Sands developed from the weathering of the auriferous Pyrite Zones.

Most of the property outside the Soocana Vein and the center of the defined Oxide Sands Zones remain under-explored


Fig. 10 (right) Gold Zones


BIF-hosted gold mineralization (gold-bearing pyrite zones in an Algoma-type iron formation) was the earliest discovery on the property.

  • It was sparsely drilled for gold (7 exploration holes, un-systematic sampling).

  • Into a shear zone with penetrative deformation and strong alteration.

  • Gold mineralization inside pyrite, but also in sheared zones above and below sulfide horizons.

  • Prospective strike length of 2.2 km – Oxide Sands are derived from the BIF formation.

Fig. 11 (right) Auriferous and Pyrite-rich Algoma-type Iron Formation


Oxide Sands Zones are mapped over a 610 metres strike-length.

Of that, detailed sampling of panels sampled was done over a 332 metres strike length whereas the remaining zones were poorly defined and not systematically sampled.

Possible extensions over the entirety of the 2.2 km strike length of the auriferous and pyritic iron formation.

These extensions of the Oxide Sands remain to be proven and defined.


Fig. 12 (right) Oxide Sands shown in yellow.



Fig. 13 (above) Oxide Sands


The Oxide Sands are one of the main gold targets on the property. Gold mineralization occurs in black sands composed of fine quartz, non-magnetic iron oxides (likely oxidized pyrite) and free gold. The Oxide Sands are interpreted to be derived from the weathering of an auriferous and pyritized Algoma-type iron formation. The pyritized iron formation is, so far, traced on the property over a 2 km-long strike length.


In 2002, a detailed and systematic sampling of the Oxide Sands was conducted over a strike length of 332.5 metres (Blocks A and B). The mineralized sands reached a depth of at least 8 metres and contained an average gold grade of 3.45 g/t and an average silver grade of 29.99 g/t.


Results from the 2002 Sampling Program:





Block #























































































































































































The Pyrite Zones are believed to contain multiple Gold-laden Oxide Sand Zones:


The Pyrite Zones are a pyrite-altered Algoma-type iron formation and represent a iron formation-hosted gold target. Algoma-type iron formation are recognized hosts of large gold deposits in Canada and the United States. Key examples of gold deposits in Algoma-type iron formation in Canada the Meadowbank, Meliadine and Musselwhite gold deposits (Dubé et al., 2015). The pyrite Zones forms steeply dipping east-west trending lenses distributed along a mafic/felsic metavolcanic contact over a defined strike length of 2.2 kilometres. A gold intersection of 5.18 g/t gold over 1.5 metre were also obtained in a sericite-altered shear zone in the hanging wall of the pyrite zone whereas a 1988 drilling intersection in the pyrite contains 0.85 g/t over a 11.83 metres. This appears to be similar to the Bousquet deposit (see below) taken from 1917 report on the property which identified a historic (non NI 43-101) sulphide resource.


The Holdsworth Pyrite Prospect consists of massive lenses of pyrite situated at the contact between mafic and felsic metavolcanic rocks. These lenses trend approximately east-west and dip steeply towards the north. They are locally cut and offset by north-northwest trending faults. At present, five related zones have been confirmed by surface stripping and prospecting and several others indicated by ground geophysical surveys. The five confirmed zones (the 'East', 'East Extension', 'East Offset', 'West' and 'West Offset') have a combined strike length in excess of 2200 meters. Two drill programs completed from 1918 to 1926 (Algoma Steel Corp. and the Grasseli Chemical Co.) identified an iron reserve of 1,019,273 tons of 46 % sulphides within what is herein referred to as the East Pyrite Zone.
The pyrite zone has been intersected in 6 holes in more recent exploration programs including 2 holes by Falconbridge in 1983 and 4 by Reed Lake Exploration Ltd. in 1988. The Holdsworth Pyrite zones are of interest for their gold potential for two reasons. One of these is represented by the unoxidized portion of the sulphide zone and it's surrounding rocks. A drill core sample taken by Falconbridge Nickel Mines Ltd. (Band, 1983) was reported to contain 0.35 oz/ton, Au across 1.5 meters. Another sample from this hole taken from a pyritic shear in the hanging-wall six (6) meters above the Pyrite Zone was assayed four times yielding a range of assays from 0.24 to 0.51 oz/ton, Au. The massive pyrite typically contain up to 5% sugary to greasy quartz stringers and ribbons similar to the black sands. The massive pyrite contained gold values ranging from nil to 0.14 oz/ton. Three of the five holes drilled by Reed Lake Exploration Ltd. were found to contain very anomalous gold values: 1.03 g/t Au over a core length of 2.13 meters (Hole R23); 3.06 g/t over 6.1 meters (Hole R26) and2.08 g/t Au over 5.8 meters (Hole R27).

The second zone of interest on the Holdsworth Pyrite prospect is a gold and silver bearing, black colored, "oxidized cap" that overlies the massive pyrite. This coarse sandy material is in excess of eight (8) meters thick in most locations, where sampled, and contains gold values ranging from a few parts per billion to a high of 14.2 g/t (0.41 oz/ton).

The oxidized material that forms a "cap" to the Holdsworth Pyrite deposit has been described by old-time prospectors as a 'black sand'. It consists of siliceous grains and non magnetic iron oxide pellets ranging from a few centimeters to several microns in size. It is assumed to be the oxidized equivalent of the underlying massive iron sulphide. The sulphide zones are frequently anomalous in gold. Assays from a number of drill holes (Band, 1983; Sears, 1989) have ranged from nil to 0.056 oz/ton, Au. The best intersection to date was from Hole R26 (Reed Lake Exploration, 1988) which contained a 6.1 meter (20 foot) section assaying 1.06 g/t (0.031) oz/ton, Au. The enriched gold values in the overlying material are assumed to be related to the oxidizing and weathering process.

In 1988, Reed Lake Exploration Ltd. carried out a stripping program over parts of the East and West Pyrite Zones (Figure 4). In the early part of the program, the overburden was stripped completely down to the black, oxidized granular material. When it was discovered that the overlying red and yellow soil was also highly elevated in gold, the remainder of the stripping stopped just below the overlying bouldery till. Sampling was then carried out by means of surface channels at regular intervals across the zone (Appendix 1). Two blocks within the East pyrite zone in which the oxidized cap was exposed yielded assays ranging from trace to 0.284 oz/ton, Au and an average grade of 0.208 oz/ton, Au. The sampled width averaged 2.9 meters (9.5 feet) for a strike length of approximately 100 meters (328 feet). The actual width of the underlying pyrite zone has a range of 2 to 10 meters (6.5 to 33 feet). In several test locations, the bottom of the zone was not reached at a vertical depth of 8 meters.

During the 1988 program, sampling from the red, yellow and grey soil above the black oxidized zone was also found to contain elevated gold values, ranging from trace to 0.206 oz/ton, Au. This material extends throughout the area stripped, so it was assumed that the black granular oxide occurred beneath it at shallow depths. A very limited amount of stripping was completed on the West Zone to check for the existence of the oxidized cap material. Six (6) grab samples were collected from two three meter sections across this zone. Four of these consisted of brown soil and contained trace amounts of gold. The other two were of black-green material and contained 0.052 and 0.064 oz/ton, Au.



Fig. 14 (above) Oxide Sands - A total of 340kg of material from the Black Sands Zones was sent to SGS Lakefield for metallurgical testing in 2009. Preliminary metallurgical testing of the oxide sands resulted in gold recoveries between 69% and 98.7% via 48 hours agitated cyanidation without crushing.


Load-Gold, Greenstone-hosted quartz-carbonate vein deposit (Soocana Vein System)


Soocana vein system – Shear zone with stacked auriferous quartz veins

Except for the Oxide Sands, almost all the historic drilling and work done for gold on that property was concentrated into a 700 metres strike length associated with this vein with very little efforts put on the others gold plays of the property.


Overall the property remains underexplored.


Fig. 15 (right) Soocana Vein shown in red.


Between 1931 and 1933, the Soocana Mining Company Limited drilled 6 diamond drill holes on the Holdsworth Property for approximately 525 metres for gold with the following results. 

Holdsworth Property Soocana Vein - 1931 Drill Results

Hole # 1

10' @ 0.4 oz Au/ton
4' @ 0.61 oz Au/ton

Average Grade

16.0 g/t Au/4.3m 

Hole # 2

14' @ 0.38 oz Au/ton
2' @ 0.12 oz Au/ton

Average Grade

11.9 g/t Au/4.9m

Hole # 3

6' @ 0.36 oz Au/ton
5' @ 0.56 oz Au/ton

Average Grade

15.5 g/t Au/3.4m


5' @ 0.33 oz Au/ton
6' @ 0.60 oz Au/ton

Average Grade

16.4 g/t Au/3.4m

Hole # 4

3' @ 0.30 oz Au/ton
5' @ 0.46 oz Au/ton

Average Grade

13.7 g/t Au/2.4m 

Hole # 5

6' @ 0.63 oz Au/ton
3' @ 0.21 oz Au/ton             
3.5' @ 0.06 oz Au/ton

Average Grade

12.7 g/t Au/3.8m 


4' @ 0.62 oz Au/ton
10' @ 0.01 oz Au/ton

Average Grade

6.3 g/t Au/4.3m

Hole # 6

10'@ 0.21 oz Au/ton
10'@ 0.12 oz Au/ton
4' @ 0.01 oz Au/ton

Average Grade

4.8 g/t Au/7.3m


7' @ 0.16 oz Au/ton
7'@ 0.71 oz Au/ton
10'@ 0.06 oz Au/ton
10' @ 0.04 oz Au/ton
4'@ 0.68 oz Au/ton
9'@ 0.06 oz Au/ton
5' @ 0.04 oz Au/ton

Average Grade

6.9 g/t Au/15.8m 

The Soocana Mining Company Limited calculated a gold resource of 54,000 tons of material grading 0.556 oz/t (19.06 g/t).*

*The above estimate of resources and assay values are historical and are non-NI 43-101compliant.

2009 drilling on Soocana Vein system

The following are highlights of the results from Hawk's 34-hole drill program in 2009:



Fig. 16 (above) Drill core storage.



Fig. 17 (above) Soocana quartz vein.

Hole #    






HW 8-05






HW 8-06


41.24 -- 41.54




HW 8-07


156.0 -- 157.0






157.0 -- 158.0




HW 8-09


19.84 -- 20.26




HW 8-11


6.74 -- 7.40






31.0 -- 32.0






32.0 -- 33.0




HW 8-13


18.53 -- 19.10






19.10 -- 19.60






60.60 -- 61.27






61.27 -- 61.75




HW 8-14


27.50 -- 28.19






28.70 -- 29.20






29.20 -- 29.70






29.70 -- 30.10




HW 8-20


10.0 -- 10.48




HW 8-21


32.46 -- 33.00






33.00 -- 33.59


3.67 (4.49)*




33.59 -- 33.90


3.28 (3.19)*




34.69 -- 35.33






103.32- 104.00




HW 8-25


93.40 -- 93.95


6.42 (6.25)*


HW 8-27


120.21- 120.66




HW 8-29


108.00- 108.56




HW 8-30


15.0 -- 15.51






15.51 -- 15.95




HW 8-31


17.47 -- 18.00






125.35- 125.92


5.74 (4.38)*


HW 8-33


89.46 -- 90.00


17.7 (17.9)*


*Bracketed values are Metallic Sieve Au analysis and check results using Metallic Sieve analysis. 


Highlights from the 2008 Drill Program include:


28.35 g/t gold over 1.07 m
17.9 g/t gold over 0.54 m
13.5 g/t gold over 0.66 m
4.07 g/t gold over 0.95 m
4.03 g/t gold over 0.90 m


The property is highly prospective for new discovery.



Fig. 18 (above) Golden Goose Shear Zone - This discovery occurred as a result of MacDonald Mines exploration team simply prospect-walking the property after acquisition in Q4-2016, found next to the old railway bed in what seems to be a large shear zone formed near the contact between the volcanic sequence and the granitic intrusion.

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MacDonald Mines' Technical Leadership, Management, and Governance  Skip to top

The current management team and board of directors has a well rounded combination of people that each contribute expertise in disciplines necessary for a successful mining entity:


Quentin Yarie, President, CEO, Director

Mr. Yarie is an experienced geophysicist and an entrepreneur with over 20 years of experience in the mining and environmental/engineering sectors. Mr. Yarie has project management and business development experience and has held positions of increasing responsibility with a number of Canadian-based geophysical service providers. He was previously the business development officer of Geotech Limited, an Ontario corporation and a senior representative of sales and business development for Aeroquest Limited. Mr. Yarie is also President and Chief Operating Officer of Red Pine Exploration Inc., and Honey Badger Exploration Inc. He has been a director of MacDonald Mines since February 2011.


Craig Scherba, Vice President of Exploration

Mr. Scherba has over 20 years of mineral exploration experience both in Canada and abroad. Mr. Scherba was an integral member of the exploration team that developed Nevsun Resources’ high grade gold, copper and zinc Bisha Project in Eritrea and lead the exploration team that discovered Energizer Resource’s world-class Molo Graphite Project in Madagascar. Mr. Scherba serves as President and CEO of Energizer Resources and is the Vice President, Exploration of Red Pine Exploration Inc. and Honey Badger Exploration Inc.


Conrad Dix, Senior Project Manager

Mr. Dix has over 20 years of international mineral exploration experience – from grassroots to discovery, production and resource expansion including geology and geophysics. Mr. Dix is involved in the discovery and resource generation of Glencore’s Raglan Mine.


Tara Gilfillan, CPA, CA., Director

Ms. Gilfillan is a finance executive with over 20 years of business experience and has held several senior financial and operational roles in the mining industry. She currently serves as Principal and CFO/VP of Corporate Development for Halyard Inc. a privately owned project engineering company focused on the mineral and metals industry. Tara has expertise in public reporting, business and tax strategy, acquisitions, risk review, setting up international operations and raising capital. She holds a business degree from Queen's University.


Gordon McKinnon, Director

Mr. McKinnon is currently serving as President, CEO and a Director of Canadian Orebodies Inc. He is a principal of McKinnon Prospecting Ltd., a private exploration company, and a Director of Capha Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, Fox River Resources Corporation, and Noble Mineral Exploration Inc. Gordon was a co-founder of Mineral Streams Inc., a private mineral royalty company that was recently sold to AuRico Metals Inc. Prior to joining Canadian Orebodies, he served as Manager of Corporate Development with Baltic Resources Inc., a company which was acquired for over $70M. Gordon graduated with an Honours Bachelor degree in Management and Organizational Studies from the University of Western Ontario in 2006.


Kevin Tanas, P.Eng., Chairman, Director

Mr. Tanas currently serves as Vice President of Business Development - North America, and Principal Mining Consultant of RPMGlobal, a global technical advisory consulting firm. Kevin's 18 years of experience has encompassed project development, conceptual to detailed engineering, commissioning and operational stages of open pit and underground deposits. His expertise lies in mine design and planning, due diligence review, construction monitoring, and financial modeling. Kevin has acted in a project management capacity and as a Qualified Person providing technical services to base metals, precious metals, iron ore, lateritic ore, coal, and energy sectors. His operational and consulting experience spans North America, South America, Africa and Australia.


John Sanderson Q.C., Chairman, Director

John Sanderson, Q.C., C.Med., C.Arb, is a mediator, arbitrator, consultant and lawyer called to the Bar in Ontario and British Columbia. Mr. Sanderson has acted as mediator, facilitator and arbitrator across Canada in a wide variety of disputes including environmental, inter-governmental, employment matters and in relation to aboriginal claims. Representative parties have ranged from trade unions to the Federal Government, major banks and financial institutions, construction companies, and resource industries. Mr. Sanderson has been a Director of MacDonald Mines since February 2001.


Hadyn Butler B.Sc., P.Geo., P.Eng., Director, Technical Advisor

Mr. Butler is a Professional Geoscientist and a practicing member of the Association of Professional Geoscientists of Ontario. Mr. Butler had 30 years consulting experience with INCO and has enjoyed substantial success in mineral exploration. He has over 40 years of geological experience. He has been a Director of MacDonald Mines Exploration Ltd., since August 14, 2003 and a member of its Technical Advisory Committee since February 2011. He served as Director of Uranium Star Corp. (Formerly Yukon Resources Corp.) from December 22, 2006 to January 2, 2009. He graduated with a degree in geology in 1974 (Bachelor of Science, with First Class Honours and University Medal) at the University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.


James Franklin Ph.D, FRSC, P.Geo, Technical Advisor

James Franklin, PhD, FRSC, P.Geo has over 40 years of extensive geological knowledge and expertise of mineral deposits and regional metallogeny. He serves as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, was past President of both the Geological Association of Canada and the Society of Economic Geologists, has served as Chief Geoscientist of Earth Sciences Sector for the GSC, and is an Adjunct Professor at Queen’s, Laurentian and Ottawa university.


Larry Hulbert Ph.D, P.Geo, Technical Advisor

Larry Hulbert, Ph.D, D.Sc., P. Geo has over 38 years of experience and spent 23 years as a Senior Research Scientist with the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC). He specialized in the Metallogeny of Mafic-Ultramafic Rocks and associated Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization.


Mackenzie Watson, B.Sc., P.Geol., P.Eng., Technical Advisor

Mr. Mackenzie (Mac) Watson, has over 50 years experience in the exploration, development, and mining industry, and has been involved in the discovery of numerous mineral deposits in Canada. He is currently Honorary Chairman of the Board of Directors of Quest Rare Minerals. Mr. Watson spent his career in the junior mining sector, as CEO of Lynx Canada Exploration from l969 to 1985, and CEO of Freewest Resources from 1985 until 20l0 when it was taken over by Cliffs Natural Resources. Mr. Watson was awarded Canada's Prospector of the Year Award in 1991 for his contribution to the discovery of the Harker Holloway gold mine (Ontario), the Icon-Sullivan copper mine (Quebec), the Long Lake zinc mine (Ontario), the Ellison gold deposit (Quebec) and the Hebecourt copper deposit (Quebec); and again in 2010 for his contributions to the mineral discoveries in the Ring of Fire area of Northern Ontario. He was also awarded the Quebec Prospector of the Year Award in 1992 for his participation in the discovery of the Pusticamica and Verneuil gold deposits in Quebec. In January 2015, Mr. Watson was inducted into the Canadian Mining Hall of Fame.


Jean-Philippe Desrochers Ph.D., P.Geo., Technical Advisor

Mr. Jean-Philippe Desrochers, has over twenty years of experience in the mineral exploration industry in Canada, Central and South America. Dr. Desrochers has been involved with intermediate and junior mining companies with exploration projects ranging from grass-roots to mine-scale. He was Vice-President of Exploration at the Windfall Lake Gold Project for Murgor Resources Inc. from 2005 to 2010, and joined Eagle Hill as Chief Geologist in 2010 before becoming Vice-President Exploration for Eagle Hill in 2013. Past experience also includes senior positions with Aur Resources and SRK Consulting. Dr. Desrochers specializes in the field of structural geology applied to ore deposits in the search for Archean lode gold, volcanogenic massive sulphides, porphyry copper, skarn, and epithermal gold deposits.


Note: This article is not intended to be a complete overview of MacDonald Mines Exploration Ltd. or a complete listing of MacDonald Mines' projects. Mining MarketWatch urges the reader to contact the subject company and has identified the following sources for information:


For more information contact MacDonald Mines Exploration's head office at: Ph (416).364.4986


Company's web site:   SEDAR Filings: URL



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*Content found herein is not investment advice see Terms of Use, Disclosure & Disclaimer. This is a journalistic article and the author is not a registered securities advisor, and opinions expressed should not be considered as investment advice to buy or sell securities, but rather journalistic opinion only. Technical mining terms used by the writer may be used/expressed in simplified layman terms and should not be relied upon as appropriate for making investment decisions unless the reader contacts the company directly for independent verification. *Estimates of potential made by the mining analyst and journal(s) are non 43-101 and not from the Company. "*" in the image signifies non NI 43-101 compliant.




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